Background: P-wave indices are appealing markers for predicting atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrences post ablation. Objective: This study evaluates the value of P wave indices to predict recurrences post pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) in patients with paroxysmal AF. Methods: We selected 198 patients (57 ± 8 years, 150 males) with symptomatic drug-refractory paroxysmal AF undergoing PVI in our hospital. A 12-lead electrocardiogram was used to measure P wave duration in lead II, P wave terminal force (PWTF) in lead V1, P wave axis and dispersion. Results: During a follow-up of 9 ± 3 months, recurrences occurred in 60 (30.3%) patients. The patients that had AF recurrence had longer mean P wave duration (122.9 ± 10.3 vs 104.3 ± 14.2 ms, p < 0.001), larger P wave dispersion (40.7 ± 1.7 ms vs 36.6 ± 3.2 ms, p < 0.001). P wave duration ≥ 125 ms has 60% sensitivity, 90% specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) of 72% and negative predictive value (NPV) of 83.7%, whereas P wave dispersion ≥ 40 ms has 78% sensitivity, 67% specificity, PPV of 51% and NPV of 87.6% 48/66 (72.7%) patients with PWTF ≤ - 0.04 mm/second vs 12/132(9%) with PWTF > -0.04 mm/second showed recurrence of AF (p < 0.001). P wave axis was not different between two groups. On multivariate analysis, P wave indices were not independent from left atrial size and age. Conclusions: P wave duration ≥ 125 ms, P wave dispersion ≥ 40 ms and PWTF in V1 ≤ - 0.04 mm/sec are good clinical predictors of AF recurrences post PVI in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation; however they were not independent from left atrial size and age.